The two countries share much of their common geographic location, but differ starkly in religious demographics.
The relations between Pakistan and India have been subject to many strains by numerous political dilemmas in history and currently as well, they include the Partition of British India inthe Kashmir dispute and the many military conflicts which have been fought between the two states.
These two states of South Asia share historic, cultural, geographic and economic links but their relationship has been filled with hostility and doubt. During the times of Independence Jinnah and Gandhi had overheated discussions, moreover around five hundred thousand Muslims and Hindus were murdered in riots following the partition.
Millions of Muslims living in India and Hindus and Sikhs living in Pakistan emigrated, it was a massive transmissions of population till today. Both states accused the other of not providing enough security to the minorities that war emigrating, this increased hostility amongst the two new nations.
In terms with the British Plan for Partition, all the princely states had the right to decide which country to join. With an exception of a few, most of the Muslim-majority princely state joined Pakistan, and most of Hindu-majority princely state joined India.
But, the decisions of one of the Princely state would shape the relationship between the two countries in the future that lay ahead. Over all with the British Raj leaving intwo sovereign states were born, the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. This partition from the British displaced around Pakistan was established as an Islamic republic and India became a secular nation.
After this Independence, India and Pakistan had formed diplomatic relations but the effects of the fierce partition and territorial conflicts kind of suppressed the diplomatic relationship. Since Partition the two countries have fought three wars with each other, one war was undeclared, they also have been involved in various armed skirmishes and military standstills.
Besides the Indo-Pakistan War in which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh, the conflict with Kashmir has been central to all these wars and issues between the two states. Steps have been taken many at times to better the relations between the two neighbors these include the Agra Summit, Shimla Summit and the Lahore Summit.
After there was hostility between the two nations mainly because of the Siachen conflict, the worsening of the Kashmir insurgency inthe nuclear tests of India and Pakistan in and in the Kargil War.
Other confidence building measures such as the ceasefire and the Delhi Lahore Bus service were victorious in improving relations.
However the terrorist attacks that occur have ruined such efforts. The attack on the Indian Parliament in almost started a nuclear war between the two states. The bombings in of the Samjhauta express in which 68 people were killed who were mostly Pakistanis, accompanied by the Mumbai attacks carried out by Pakistani militants served as knife to the bond of the two nations.
These events have soured the peace talks immensely.plombier-nemours.com-Pakistan relations are grounded in the political, geographic, cultural, and economic links between the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
The two countries share much of their common geographic location, and religious demographics yet diplomatic relations between the . May 04, · Since independence, relations between Pakistan and India have been characterized by rivalry and suspicion.
Although many issues divide the two countries, the most sensitive one since independence has been the status of Kashmir. Published: Mon, 02 Oct Introduction. Relations are built on mutual trust.
This is no different when these relations are between states. Salient features of Pak-India relations include strong feelings of mistrust and suspicion on both sides.
Often synonymous with open hostility, relations between India and Pakistan are influenced by numerous discordant factors. This essay will examine the primary antecedent, the Partition of India and its bifurcation into two states. In the midst of this refugee movement and open violence, the governments of India and Pakistan hastily tried to divide the assets of British India between the two new countries.
From weapons and money, down to paper clips . This essay, published originally by the National Bureau of Asian Research, discusses the long-term and current relationship between Pakistan and Afghanistan, the intertwined militancy in the two.